PS1 Emulator – Between nostalgia, present and future


Among the most relevant passions is certainly that of retrogaming, a true dive into childhood where playing with one’s friends was a magnificent event. The world’s most famous game consoles include the PlayStation 1, so what could be better than a PS1 emulator to relive the best games? In the following paragraphs we will take a look at the emulators most commonly used to bring PS1 video games back to modern screens.

Nostalgia in many cases is a major component in the purchase of goods and services, so many companies offer video games or products from the past in order to plan an aggressive marketing strategy on the generations linked to the past.

PS1 emulator: what is it

Before beginning the guide on PS1 emulation, it is appropriate to try to understand what an emulator is. When using a PS1 emulator, all you do is run software capable of virtualizing video games developed for the PlayStation 1 onto a different platform.

Although one might think that this type of program was created to pander to piracy, it was actually used many years after this console was discontinued for sale. We can consider it more of a tribute.

PS1 emulator: how it works

When using a PS1 emulator, whether this is installed on Windows, Android or any other operating system, the same operation is encountered.

The process of starting a PS1 video game on an emulator is very simple; the software simply starts the image file of the original game and plays it on the screen via codecs very similar to those already present on the PlayStation 1.

Simply start the emulator, select the game you want to play, and wait for it to load. As can be deduced, the most complex part lies in finding the original games in CD format, or at least in ISO format, and the reference BIOS.

Few people are currently equipped with an optical drive on their computers, a condition that causes most enthusiasts to download ISO images. We will dwell in the next few lines on the legality or otherwise of ISO images used to emulate PS1 games.

PS1 emulator: features

The linear operation of a PS1 emulator would suggest that all software is identical to each other, that is, it offers the same mechanics. In reality, the available emulators have in common only the ultimate goal, which is to start a PS1 game; the other features can differ greatly. Let’s see which ones mainly.

Ease of use

An indispensable feature of a PS1 emulator lies in its ease of use. The programs, although they may initially seem inaccessible, especially in the ISO entry and controller mapping sections, are very easy to use after some practice.

Choosing a PS1 emulator that is intuitive to use makes the emulation experience more enjoyable, enticing the gamer to enjoy games that are now dated.

Portable or installation

As we will see in the next few lines, PS1 emulators can be either portable or installed directly on the operating system. As insignificant as it may seem, avoiding installing the emulator makes for a much more versatile gaming experience, as you can even take it with you on a USB flash drive without necessarily starting games on your PC.

PS1 only or also other

A feature that confuses even the most experienced gamers is the ability to start different types of games. A PS1 emulator, although it has this nomenclature, can in some cases also run games from platforms of the same generation.

Choosing an emulator that allows only PS1 titles to be played guarantees much more stability, especially in targeted updates by developers and enthusiasts.


And it is in the updates that lies the most important feature of a PS1 emulator. In fact, even today, several developers release updates to fix software bugs and codecs. Relying on an outdated program could limit the gaming experience and lead the end user to significant cyber security exposure.

The community on the web is still very active; fortunately, up-to-date PS1 emulators capable of eliminating most possible malware can be found.

PS1 emulator: advantages

In recent years, more and more gamers like to use PS1 emulators to replay old titles from this iconic console, but why is there all this interest in retrogaming?

Bringing historical games back to life

One of the reasons why more and more fans are using PS1 emulators is to complete video games that were deemed too difficult at the time. When you are younger you hardly put too much effort into completing a video game, a condition that changes dramatically when you are an adult and challenge is a normality.

Surely today’s young people will find it fun to experience the titles of yesteryear, while also learning something about the history and evolution of this industry, which took a momentous turn with the transition from 2D to 3D.

Avoid using PS1

True collectors keep their PlayStation 1 as if it were a relic, removing it from its original packaging in order to play with it seems almost wrong. So that you can still benefit from PS1 titles without necessarily using the original, now collectible console, the PS1 emulator is the fastest and most practical solution.

Although until a few years ago it was not easy to emulate PC video games on smartphones and PCs, nowadays even older software makes it very easy to do so.

At your fingertips

Additional advantage of a PS1 emulator lies in its portability, in fact, it is not difficult to start one on your smartphone. Carrying an emulator with you at all times on mobile devices allows you to play games in your downtime wherever you want, without necessarily turning on your PC.

Today’s smartphones have very powerful processors and GPUs with which to run PS1 titles without any stalling. A handheld console is always a guarantee when you are bored.

PS1 emulator: the importance of rules (ROM)

Topic that we must necessarily address before listing the most reliable PS1 emulators is that of the legality of ROMs. On the web so many websites make available ISO images (ROMs) of PS1 video games, but is it possible to download them without incurring illegality?

The answer to this question is: it depends. In case you download an ISO image of a video game of which you do not own a physical copy, then you will inevitably incur the irregularity. If, on the other hand, the ISO you want to take advantage of is identical to the one you have an original physical copy of at home, then you can safely do so.

As you can easily imagine, the issue is definitely not an easy one to handle; so many people can download any ISO without necessarily owning an original copy.

In this case, it is not up to us to define the boundaries separating the right user behaviors from the wrong ones; it will be up to gamers to have respect for the developer and the many sacrifices made to make the game.

We are sure that those who use the downloadable ISOs will have already played the game in question, and will most likely have an original copy, or at least purchased it in the past.

Virtualizing a purchased original CD-ROM, in order to load it into PS1 emulation software instead, is completely legal.

PS1 Emulator: on Windows

After a bit of useful information on what it is, how it works, and what the legal wrangles are, it’s time to figure out the best PS1 emulators to rely on. Let’s look at the ones for Windows first.


When you want to emulate your PS1 games, it is hard not to use ePSXe, extremely intuitive software with which you can run PlayStation 1 games for free.

The user experience is identical to that of the original console, providing an extremely faithful audio and video compartment. Although it is a program designed primarily for Windows operating systems, you will also be able to use it on macOS and Linux without any problem, obviously by downloading the compliant version.

The software is very light, in fact, you will not need a powerful system, as everything will run through a BIOS. Although you have to download the Playstation BIOS to work.


Anyone who has never heard of RetroArch has most likely never played a game from the past on a modern device. This solution is perhaps the best on the market, capable of emulating on Windows as well as macOS and Linux, taking a look at the Android system as well.

Unlike ePSXe, it is graphically much more satisfying and allows you to change various settings in the game. In addition to emulating PS1 it can run games from: Game Cube, Nintendo Wii, Game Boy, Sega Dreamcast and many other platforms.


Although DuckStation is not the best-known PS1 emulator, it can give great satisfaction to fans. Compatible with Windows 10 and 11, it differs from ePSXe by having an English interface.

Simply download the run file, unzip the .zipper folder, and run the.exe file. The official BIOS will open and you can start the emulator with a double-click. Loading the PS1 game ISO will start a few seconds later.

PCSX Reloaded

An updated and improved version of ePSXe is PCSX Reloaded, a PS1 emulator that bases its operation on video, audio, and controller plugin optimization.

It differs from the previous two pieces of software in its ability to run even without a PlayStation BIOS, which although it may seem convenient to avoid adding extra plugins, is much less so with video games that necessarily require certain tools. Several titles may not work 100%.

The software is available on both Windows, Mac and Linux. Those who do not want too much inconvenience in downloading more than one file may find the ideal platform, however, one must be careful what PS1 video games work best.


The PS1 ARBER/XEBRA emulator is among the most popular for those who want to achieve video quality very faithful to the original. As much as the visual quality is better than the emulators just reviewed, there may be slight frame rate dips. The combination of the two software, Xebra and Arber, needs some practice; in fact, it is not for everyone to be able to get PS1 games to work.

Its availability only on Windows limits its community even more, but with a little effort some very good results can be achieved, but it is advisable to follow a dedicated guide.


Graphically, it is perhaps the PS1 emulator that can give the most satisfaction; the callback to the interface of the 90s booths is very strong, as much as the quality of the emulation. Bleem is available only on Windows and is not compatible with the macOS operating system. Designed now in 1999, it is among the most widely used software for emulating PS1 games.

It is actually an excellent solution for Dreamcast games as well, but with PlayStation 1 games it is at its best. Unfortunately, it was last updated in 2001, a condition that makes it less appealing to those seeking a consistently safe solution. Playing offline is still a viable alternative.


Interesting software that runs on Windows is Mednafen, a platform capable of providing excellent PS1 emulation, but which requires the OpenGL and SDL libraries.

In addition to allowing PS1 titles to boot, it can play video games from the Neo Geo, Game Boy, Atari, Sega Saturn and many others. Any BIOS on one’s computer can be fine to run this software, providing excellent versatility.

Unlike many other emulators, it also allows you to pause games and resume them when you want, as well as customize buttons and screen formats in just a few clicks.


A popular free emulator especially among American gamers is AdriPSX, this software offers instant installation and downloading of game files directly from the main interface.

It is no coincidence that it is among the most popular PS1 emulators for first-time retrogamers; the ease of use and downloading is disarming.

The software, independently, controls all major aspects, from the Italian language to the audio and video quality of the original game. On Windows it is perhaps the most beloved program, but somewhat abandoned because of the bare graphics. We emphasize a section for precise and fast controller customization.

PSX Emurayden

Free program that can be used to emulate PS1 games is PSX Emurayden, a great solution not only for getting a satisfactory gaming experience, but also for the many additional features.

Its strengths are identified in versatility; in fact, you can run all PlayStation 1 games without adding plugins. This benefit also ties in with the tool called Emurayden PSX AutoLauncher, which allows the video game to start automatically when you insert the original disk or mount the ISO image.

Another interesting feature is the Emurayden PSX Tester that allows you to check your system’s compatibility with the software itself.

Android Emulator

In addition to the software just reviewed, on Windows it is also possible to run PS1 games via the emulator emulator. As tongue-in-cheek as it may sound, software that emulates Android systems can actually be installed on Microsoft’s operating system, a condition that also allows dedicated PS1 emulation applications to be installed.

In the next few lines we will also look at the best apps for emulating PS1 games on Android, which can also be used on the Windows emulator.

PS1 emulator: on macOS

Previously, we pointed out that PCSX was a PS1 emulator also available for macOS-based operating systems. As much as the software offers the same performance, it is worthwhile to do a little focus on the differences so that you do not end up with a different emulator from the one you want.


The main difference between PCSX on Mac and other emulation software lies in its inability to boot PS1 games from disk images. In fact, you will not be able to download ISOs and boot them directly, but you will have to burn them or own an original copy to boot them directly.

Apart from this drawback, the program still allows you to save and retrieve items after rebooting or hibernating, and also to fully configure the keyboard according to your needs. The saves are stored in the CVGS format.

PS1 Emulator: on Android

One of the most important benefits of a PS1 emulator lies in its portability; more and more people like to play mobile games on their smartphones, and a dedicated app can be very useful.

In addition to RetroArch, which is the best solution, one can come across several alternatives for booting PlayStation 1 titles on smartphones. Let’s look at the two most valued by enthusiasts.


Let us preface that this application for Android operating systems has a cost, usually 2.79 euros. Excluding this small initial hurdle, the application provides excellent performance for emulating PS1 titles.

You can set parameters for graphics, audio, format, and customization of saves. Added to these elements is the automatic in-game saving. However, you have to download the BIOS and upload the ISO file.


We have already mentioned this software for the PC counterpart, the company has decided to market it for smartphones as well. At a cost of about 3 euros you will benefit from the best emulator on the market, capable of adding multiplayer and bluetooth controller compatibility.

Both applications can be launched from Windows using an Android system virtualization.

PS1 emulator: the parameters to be evaluated

If for Android the best choices are tied to RetroArch and the two just listed, for PC and Mac the opportunities increase exponentially. How to choose the best PS1 emulator for your needs?

Minimum system requirements

Surely the starting point for choosing a PlayStation 1 emulator is to first check the minimum system requirements of your PC, tablet or smartphone. In fact, although emulators are extremely resource-light, they may not be compatible with processors and RAM.

Usually emulators are installed on dated computers so as to give them new life, taking a look at the minimum requirements though can be a smart move.

Lighter software, especially BIOS-obvious software, requires at least a 200 MHz Pentium, better 1 Ghz, 256 MB RAM, and a video card with OpenGL or DirectX libraries. Of course, some of these require an optical CD-ROM drive.

Controller configuration

Using an emulator with a computer keyboard for some games might also be functional, but it must be admitted how a controller can make all the difference in the world.

Adapters for the original PS1 controllers are not really the way to go, while Microsoft’s gamepads are currently the best alternative. Going beyond the discussion of the quality of the controllers, it is worth considering whether or not software allows for key customization.

Screen format

Playing PS1 titles in the original 4:3 format could be a very enjoyable experience, especially for genre purists. Some emulators also allow you to choose the screen image format, from the canonical 16:9 to the more intrusive zoom mode.

Relying on a versatile program allows for greater ability to maneuver and customize.

Size of ISOs

Not all PS1 emulators can read ISO images larger than 700 MB. So many PlayStation 1 games are divided into multiple CD-ROMs to offer the player more content. Unfortunately, some emulators can only read single ISO images, so, you have to be careful with multiple ones.

Android or PC

Choosing between emulation on PC and emulation on Android is not easy, besides the cost of the application, the portable mode is definitely more convenient. However, not everyone likes to play on a small screen such as a smartphone, veering to a dedicated monitor. In this case the choice depends on personal taste.


The most modern emulators allow games to be saved in real time and restarted at any time. As minor a feature as it sounds, it greatly enhances the gaming experience, making it much closer to that created by modern consoles.

As you might imagine, not all emulators have this feature, causing players to resume from the initial point.

PS1 emulator: the best games

Having installed the PS1 emulator and understood how to start it, it is time to dive into nostalgia. PlayStation 1 titles are really a lot, but which ones to choose?

Here’s a list of titles to try again without thinking too hard: Metal Gear Solid, Tekken 3, Street Fighter Alpha 3, Silent Hill, Final Fantasy VIII, Crash Bandicoot, Resident Evil 2, MediEvil, Tomb Raider II, CTR, Spyro, Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 2, and Castlevania.


A PS1 emulator can be the ideal solution to replay or try for the first time the most iconic games from the Sony world. There are truly many titles available, and several emulators allow them to be launched without too many problems.

The choice between one PS1 emulator and another depends on one’s personal taste and the customization one is looking for, but in general they are all very good-the games are what make the difference.